CSCI Research Brief

The Effects of Cannabigerolic Acid (CBGA) & Other Cannabinoids on Seizures in Mice with Epilepsy

Cannabigerolic acid, a major biosynthetic precursor molecule in cannabis, exhibits divergent effects on seizures in mouse models of epilepsy. British Journal of Pharmacology. Published online August 12, 2021. doi:10.1111/bph.15661

Phytocannabinoids, such as Cannabidiol (CBD), have been used to treat certain types of epilepsy (i.e., Dravet syndrome, and Lennox-Gestaut syndrome) for some time. The use of cannabis to treat seizures began long before the FDA approved the drug called epidolex, made with CBD. 

Cannabis-based products used to treat these specific forms of epilepsy contain small dosages of CBD; they also have other types of phytocannabinoids. This prompted scientists to find out whether one phytocannabinoids, called cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), and other constituents of cannabis, could lend themselves to the antiseizure properties of cannabis-based therapies.

The Effects of Cannabigerolic Acid (CBGA) & Other Cannabinoids on Seizures in Mice with Epilepsy: Study Findings

This study employed mouse models to measure the effect of phytocannabinoids on hyperthermia and electroshock induced seizures. Researchers found cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) the most promising in its potential to treat spontaneous seizures in electroshock seizure mice models. 

The study authors identified three pytocannabinoids with anticonvulsant properties, including:

  1. Cannabigerolic acid CBGA
  2. Cannabidivarinic acid (CBDVA)
  3. Cannabigerovarinic acid (CBGVA)

Other findings from this 2021 study include:

  • CBGA exhibited the strongest anticonvulsant effect in the MES threshold test, compared to the other two phytocannabinoids.
  • CBGA provoked seizures in the 6-Hz threshold test in which a high dosage increased spontaneous seizures.
  • CBGA interacted with many epilepsy-relevant targets including GPR55, TRPV1 channels and GABAA receptors.

Conclusion

The study authors concluded, “These results suggest that CBGA, CBDVA and CBGVA may contribute to the effects of cannabis-based products in childhood epilepsy.” Link to article:  https://doi.org/10.1111/bph.15661

General Disclaimer

Center for Scientific Cannabinoid Information (CSCI) has placed information, including links to other websites or content belonging to or originating from third parties, on this website as a service to the general public and for general informational and educational purposes only.  The information on this website is not intended to substitute particularized advice of specialists or qualified professionals.  No content on this website should ever be used as a substitute for direct advice from appropriate professionals or qualified specialists.  This website could include inaccuracies or typographical errors.  The materials on this website do not constitute medical advice, do not necessarily reflect the opinions of CSCI or any of its employees, agents, affiliates, or subsidiaries, and are not guaranteed to be correct, complete, or up‐to‐date.  The publications, articles, and information on this website are provided as is without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, regarding accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability, or completeness, and CSCI does not warrant, endorse, guarantee, or assume responsibility for the accuracy or reliability of any information included on this website from third-party websites linked through this website.  UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCE SHALL CSCI HAVE ANY LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE OF ANY KIND INCURRED AS A RESULT OF THE USE OF THE INFORMATION CONTAINED ON THIS WEBSITE OR RELIANCE ON ANY SUCH INFORMATION PROVIDED ON THIS WEBSITE. YOUR USE OF THIS WEBSITE AND YOUR RELIANCE ON ANY INFORMATION ON THIS WEBSITE IS SOLELY AT YOUR OWN RISK.

You cannot copy content of this page